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The Kralingen Music Festival was a pop and rock music festival held in the Kralingse Bos, in the Kralingen neighbourhood of Rotterdam, on 26-28 June 1970.

Performing bands included The Byrds, T. Rex, Santana, Jefferson Airplane, and the headlining Pink Floyd. Approximately 150.000 attended. Festival posters show that the festival was billed in Dutch as 'Pop Paradijs' and 'Holland Pop Festival 70', and that the main investor was Coca-Cola. In both English and Dutch, the festival is also known by the English name Stamping Ground, and is often billed as the European answer to Woodstock. It took place approximately one year after Woodstock, and two months before the third 1970 Isle of Wight Festival (the first two being held in 1968 and 1969).

The Festival became an influential event, as it turned out to be the actual beginning of the Dutch tolerance policy towards marijuana. The many present undercover cops did not arrest any of the users or small traders: it became clear that there were just too many, and all of them peaceful.

In 1971, a documentary about the festival appeared, titled Stamping Ground, created by George Sluizer. The film was made for an international audience and is also known under the titles Love and Music, and in Germany Rock Fieber. Also, several books and exhibitions have been dedicated to the event. A triple lp-boxset was released in 2010.

Since 21 September 2013, a memorial has been placed in the Kralingse Bos area, to commemorate the first multi-day open air popfestival on the European continent.

Acts on the main stage

Friday, 26 June:

It's a Beautiful Day

Jefferson Airplane

Stone the Crows

Santana

The Flock

Canned Heat

Hot Tuna

Pentangle

Quintessence

East of Eden (billed, but didn't perform)

Saturday, 27 June:

The Byrds

Family

Dr. John the Night Tripper

Country Joe McDonald

Tyrannosaurus Rex

Renaissance (billed, but didn't perform)

Third Ear Band

Al Stewart

Tata Mirando Gypsy Orchestra

CCC Folk & Blues Inc.

Supersister

Sunday, 28 June:

Mungo Jerry

Art Ensemble of Chicago

John Surman

Han Bennink

Caravan

Fairport Convention

Fotheringay

Soft Machine

Pink Floyd

Several Dutch bands (including Ekseption, Focus and the Oscar Benton Blues Band) also performed, on a smaller stage in the vicinity.

Setlists:

Hot Tuna: Up Or Down, Emergency, Rock Me Baby, Shade Of A Big Old Tree, Baby What You Want Me To Do?

Jefferson Airplane: Somebody to Love, The Other Side of This Life, White Rabbit, Won't You Try/Saturday Afternoon, Plastic Fantastic Lover, The Ballad of You and Me and Pooneil, We Can Be Together (encore) Volunteers, Up or Down, Come Back Baby

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